She Started It All!

kissingThe evening in question happened some time in January 2008. The Laning couple had just spent a weekend away from each other doing their various social justice work. Mr. Laning had been involved in an action in D.C. with Witness Against Torture, where he was arrested for protesting at the Supreme Court. Ms. Laning was engaging in her first nonviolence workshop with Alternative to Violence Project, where she spent a weekend with ex-gang members in the Bronx. It was one of those rewarding, transformative weekends where you view the world differently. Apparently, we viewed the world so differently we decided to make a baby, our first!

baby announcement

The pregnancy was normal and miserable (I quickly discovered I hated pregnancy). I was working full time, puking part time and growing a gigantic baby. I didn’t really have any pregnant friends or family around, and so I sought out my own community. I joined a yahoo group and arranged pregnancy meet ups after work. The meet ups quickly turned into pregnant ladies complaining about pregnancy and stuffing their faces; basically perfect! It was a great way to meet people and talk about things my husband didn’t understand! I didn’t know much about pregnancy and labor, and so I researched the hell out of everything. I had not been exposed to much about births other than my mother who had two c-sections, and my sister who had two hospital births. I did not know anything about midwives, natural birth or home birth but knew I wanted something different from what I had heard. I remember the first time I watched the Business of Being Born and bawled every time a baby was born. Actually, I watched births on youtube constantly and read birth stories like crazy. I was obsessed with this world and knew I wanted it. I contacted my insurance company and they falsely told me they would not cover a home birth. I did what I thought was the second best option and went to a midwife practice at Beth Israel.

crazy baby

The midwives at Beth Israel were nice and I particularly liked one. She was British and really open to any of my alternative ways of laboring. She was brutally honest about the hospital and informed me that many of the practices at the hospital were archaic. I tried to ignore this as much as possible because I wanted to believe in my ability to force my needs and wants when it came to labor. As my pregnancy progressed, it became clear that I was going to give birth to a 10lb baby. This was a concern for my midwife because she claimed the hospital frowned against vaginal births and big babies. Around my due date (the first week of October) she intervened and swept my membranes. I agreed to this because I was worried if my labor didn’t get started, they were going to force me into surgery. This was not a healthy mindset for a full term pregnancy.

pregnant lady

The morning of October 4, 2008 I woke up giant, pregnant and leaky. I couldn’t really distinguish between the type of leaky I was feeling and the normal type of leaky. So, I used the bathroom, ate some breakfast and waited to find out what would happen. The leaking kept happening and seemed heavy enough I called the midwife. She asked some questions and then told me to wait 24 hours before heading into the hospital. She explained that if I were to go into the hospital now, they would either send me home or strap me to a machine. So I waited, wet and uncomfortable. I was not feeling any pains other than braxton hicks, waited my 24 hours and I headed into the hospital. They checked me and said I was at most 1cm dilated and no contractions. They tested my leak and claimed it was urine. I had no faith in these people from that moment because it was clear to me that my leak was not urine. Anyway, they sent me home angry, worried and very uncomfortable.

The following morning, Monday, October 6 I went in for post-date, fetal testing. I was leaking like crazy (towels in my pants crazy) and very irritated. The testing went fine, my fluid was good and my baby was healthy. I headed to the midwife, pulled down my pants and she freaked! Not only was I leaking like crazy but now there was meconium, or newborn baby poo. This was a red flag because it was obvious there had been fluid leaking for two days and the baby may be in trouble. Before she sent me to the hospital to be admitted, she told me to stop and eat before because they would not allow me to eat during labor. She also told me to sneak in gatorade because I would need it. I followed orders, worried and scared.

beth israel

I arrived to the hospital and they immediately started a pitocin drip, strapped on a baby monitor, laid me on my back and told me not to get up. Until this point, I had not felt any real contractions and so when the pit contractions hit, I was overwhelmed. The contractions were strong and constant but I remained strong and refused medication. This process went on for 7-10 hours and with each hour they would increase my dosage. At around this point the contractions were coming every few minutes and hitting me so hard I cried. I could not get up and walk off the pain, or get on my hands and knees. Everything they told me to do felt opposite to what my body was telling me. I completely lost connection to the baby and could not do anything but focus on fear and pain. Around hour 10 I finally gave into their suggestions for drugs and got an epidural. Not only was the pain too intense but I was not progressing; having only reached 3 cm at this point. Also, I had a fever and could not keep up with the demands of consciousness.

Once the epidural was in, I relaxed and slept. I felt nothing and after 7 more hours in “labor” I began to throw up and I felt her drop. She was in the birth canal and I felt it. It was the only thing I had felt in the second half of labor and I knew it was time to push. I started pushing regardless of who was around, I knew she was ready to come. The midwife and nurse came in to check on things and agreed it was time to go. The baby was doing well and I had enough strength in me to push her out. After I had been pushing for 10-15 minutes a bunch of people came into my room. They claimed because of my fever the baby was in distress and they were worried about infection. They tried to give me a fever reducer but since I was pushing, the medication did not stay in (this is what happens when they try to administer medication to a pregnant woman who is pushing a baby out). So the doctor came in and made a decision, “Ms. Laning, if you don’t push this baby out in 10 mins, we are taking her out.”

It was at this moment that I gave up. I knew there was no way she was coming out now because my body shut down. It went into flight mode and they wheeled me into the O.R. I don’t remember much about my surgery other than feeling cold, exhausted and high. A couple of times I remember them adding more meds because I could feel them cutting me, and I was shaking on the bed. I knew they were done when I heard her cry and it was magic. I wanted her so badly but my body wasn’t able to have her. I felt some comfort knowing her dad could take care of her and that she was healthy (the cry was intense)!

emmas first

They brought her over to me and immediately I felt differently. Yes, I was totally out of it but I was so happy to see her, to hold her, to have her in my life. It wasn’t perfect but she certainly was. It wasn’t much later that I passed out and they wheeled me into recovery. Dad had to make a choice between his wife and child, which I know was hard. She needed him more than me but it was the first time he had to chose someone over me.

first moment

I woke up in recovery alone, high, sore and scared. I was in a room with a bunch of empty beds and I yelled out. A nurse came to me and I told her I wanted my baby (it was more of a demand). They wheeled me into the NICU to see her. She was staying in the NICU because they believed she may have an infection from the meconium or my fever. She was huge, 9 lbs 6.8 oz,  20.5 inches and looked like she could eat the other babies (my little sumo)! They had all kinds of wires and machines attached to her, they were giving her antibiotics and pricking her foot every hour to test for infection. It was not something I handled well. This was really our first meeting because I barely remembered the first. She opened her eyes and looked deeply into my soul. She knew my voice immediately and calmed down, it was truly a magical moment. They allowed me to nurse her for a few minutes but made me give her up way too soon.

emma and mommy first

From the moment of our first meeting, I fought every second to get her out of that hospital. They bullied me into giving her formula, claiming my milk had not come in. I was producing colostrum (liquid gold) and that was all she needed but I agreed to the formula because they told me they would let her out of the NICU. The formula they gave her distended her stomach and she threw up everywhere. Once I finally got her back I went to see the lactation consultant who became a quick ally. Everything she said made sense to me and was in opposition to what the other nurses were saying. She taught me a lot about nursing and was the one positive thing (other than Emma) that came out of that place. We played the game as best we could so we could get out and after three days they released us. I had never been so relieved as the moment I walked out of that place and was able to take my baby home.

emma home

We adjusted to life as a new family poorly. Emma refused anything but me, and I struggled to deal with my birth. I cried a lot in the beginning and so did she. A wave of anxiety hit me so hard that I could barely function on the inside. My mom stayed with me for a couple of weeks which really helped with recovery but nothing could have ever prepared me for the emotions that hit after her birth. It was so hard to recover physically and emotionally while trying to care for a newborn. I didn’t let any of it stop me from doing my job and she was cared for very well but we struggled. Emma never slept (and didn’t until she was 3), she nursed all day and night and freaked if I put her down. I know now that all of this was related to birth trauma and we both felt very insecure without each other. I tried to go back to work when she was 9 weeks old and it didn’t last because I cried every day for a month and quit. We eventually figured it all out but those first few months were rough.

first fam pic

We went to therapy together to deal with my anxiety and we healed together. She was a very perceptive and wise baby, and she taught me many things about being a mother. We adored each other and she completely transformed me. I never expected to accept my birth because I was just so angry but I learned to appreciate her birth. Now that so many years have passed, the exact emotions leading up to surgery are a little fuzzy. I can really only see images about the experience and I think that is good. Trauma is emotionally and physically draining, and if I were to continue to carry those intense feelings with me forever, I would not function properly. I have had to let go of those feelings in order to be a happier person and a better mother. It is not an easy task but time has definitely been my friend. Aside from having time on my side to heal, I have also begun looking at my hospital experience in a whole new way. I am not saying I look back and think “that was a good thing, the doctors sure knew what they were doing” but I can look back now and see so much life, Emma’s life. Emma’s life changed my life forever and I cannot thank her enough. Actually, each day I should say that to both of my children but rarely do. When I look back at my birth with Emma, I now see only her life and how it makes everything better. Without Emma, life would be meaningless, without Emma, we would not be a family.

I retell Emma her birth story on her birthday every year, partially because she asks and partially because it is amazing.  When I started retelling her story, I had to chose my words carefully. I was pissed about my section but how could I possibly make Emma feel like her entrance into this world was devastating. My birth experience was not her fault and she should in no way feel the weight of that. I started telling Emma that her birth can be explained by her stubbornness, assuredness and attachment to me. These have been her strongest traits since birth! She has such an intense personality and it actually makes sense to me that she was a difficult birth! When I tell her story or think about her birth, I think about how hard it was and how Emma and I shared this truly difficult experience but it was what forged our relationship. We were tested as mother and daughter, we prevailed as mother and daughter, and our love is way bigger than any crappy birth story!

Happy 7 years to the girl who made me a mother. I get to hang out with you and be in your life, and I cannot think of anything better. You drive me crazy with your moodiness, sarcasm and intensity but you balance this with your empathy, kindness, and desire to do good. You are a complex creature who feels beyond your years, and ability but it is these things that draw people to you. Each year you get stronger and I see you being able to handle this gift, and I know the world is going to benefit immensely from it!

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emma

The Cosby Situation. Victimization. Silence.

rapits

Bill Cosby has been in the news a great deal lately. It has recently surfaced that he admitted to obtaining quaaludes for the purpose of having sex with women in 2005.  This is not an admission of rape guilt but certainly raises doubt for anyone who has supported him.  Even though there will be no legal action taken against Cosby, I’m sure the victims would enjoy seeing him shamed for his crimes, or at least feel remorse.

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Since Deadspin blew the Cosby rape claims open with this article in November 2014, I have been struck by so many mysteries within the accusations. I have often wondered in all sexual violence cases, why victims remain silent, why didn’t these women say anything before now? I’m not looking to blame the victims for remaining silent, but I want to know what happens psychologically that keeps them quiet. Also, there are murmurs on the internet that others in the film/tv industry knew of his transgressions and either aided him or kept it silent. Why? I’m also struck by how many supporters he still seems to have regardless of the numerous accusations, and now the testimony admitting his use of drugs for sexual purposes. I am specifically interested in knowing how his wife fit into all of this. I know many times partners are unaware of their spouse’s extramarital (or sexual abuse) affairs, but was he really that good at living two lives, or is she also a victim of his sexual deviance? It is impossible to answer questions specifically related to the Cosby cases, but there are numerous psychology articles that help crack the victim silence mystery.

First of all, women (or any victim) keep silent for many reasons after they have been sexually assaulted. If you read any of the Cosby accuser testimonies, you will see numerous reasons for remaining anonymous. Below is a screenshot from the Deadspin article noting the accusers’ desires to remain unknown. It is mostly that they fear for their safety or privacy.

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Fear and powerlessness are at the heart of a victim’s silence. There are many reasons they remain silent, but it all comes down to the powerlessness that victims feel after being attacked. This is what the attacker relies on and specifically how the Cosby attacks were allegedly designed. He created a safe environment for these women, made them feel comfortable and off their guard. Then he drugged them because he wanted the women to feel as powerless as possible. His ultimate fantasy was being powerful and creating a world of doubt in the victim’s mind. After these women recovered from the effects of the drug, they were often unsure of what happened. The accounts suggest they recall not feeling well, feeling weak and afraid. Their memories were marred by the drugs and therefore they were unsure if the foggy memories they had were real. Many of them mention waking up at some point “feeling raw, [their] clothes strewn everywhere. Cosby greeted [them] in his bathrobe” as if nothing out of the ordinary had happened. He not only wanted his victims to feel powerless and fearful, but he needed them to believe what he had done was acceptable. He also relied on his fame and wholesome reputation to keep these women silent.

According to the journal article, “Being Silenced: The Impact of Negative Social Reactions on the Disclosure of Rape,” a victim must feel they have the ability to use their voices in order to publicize their attacks. Women often feel afraid to report rape because of negative reactions. They may be rejected by loved ones, feel guilt for the attack, feel as if they deserved it and that nobody will believe them. “[F]eminist sociologist Shulamit Reinharz describes voice as ‘having the ability, the means, and the right to express oneself, one’s mind, and one’s will. If an individual does not have these abilities, means, or rights, he or she is silent'” (Reinharz, 1994, p. 180). Respectively in the Cosby accusations, these women remained silent partially because it took time to believe that it had happened.

Cosby’s accusations are not uncommon when you look at sexual violence cases. His interest in using drugs to paralyze victims might be rare but his ability to lure women into a relationship with him is common amongst abusers. In a study done by the Bureau of Justice statistics “[f]or both college students and nonstudents, the offender was known to the victim in about 80% of rape and sexual assault victimizations.” In only about 20% of cases of rape, the attacker was unknown to the victim and a very large percentage of these attacks were not reported. The attacker uses this tactic to have access to its target and in Cosby’s case, the accusers say he was their mentor, someone who promised to help them succeed in business. Other’s claim he helped their family members, gave them gifts and in some cases he was romantically involved with the victims.

Doing research for this case has really opened my eyes to how often women are discredited when in comes to reporting rape. Why is it so hard for us to believe when a woman is victimized. For example, Whoopie Goldberg has been a staunch supporter of Cosby since the accusations surfaced. I can understand in the beginning that she may have wanted to support a friend but as the mountain of evidence (even his own testimony) rises, she still stands behind him. Of course her logic on the matter is completely flawed such as the case below from a Jezebel article (you can also watch the video clip there):

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Perhaps Goldberg doesn’t understand the question Collins is asking but somehow she believes these 40 plus rape accusations are the same thing as her being despised by a group of people at a party. Rape is a serious crime, and accusations of this magnitude should be taken seriously, especially by a woman. Aside from celebrity support, the general public likes to take stabs at the victims through comments on the web. These women are described as sluts, gold-diggers, whores and fame seekers. This type of victim-bashing is exactly the reason women feel ashamed and scared to report attacks. Victim blaming comes from a place of not understanding why a woman is silent, why she stays with the abuser or why she chooses to deny that it has happened. As a society, we are ready to believe a man who plays a good guy on television, than the many women who have spoken out. These are mostly women who share very similar stories, don’t know each other and don’t have anything to gain from speaking out.

Psychologically speaking, both the victims and the supporters deal with a high level of fear when it comes to facing an abuser. If the accusations are proven true, Camille Cosby (Bill Cosby’s wife) may be dealing with many of these traumas and that is forcing her to support his every stance. Women who are trapped in an abusive relationship, or in this case married to an abuser might fall into the trap of denial. She may not be abused by Cosby (and that has never been suggested) but she has been married to the man for over 50 years and one has to think she suspected something. If not suspected, turned a blind eye to the kind of person he was. She knew about his 2005 case and his admittance to using drugs as a means to have sex with women but remains ever faithful. It is impossible to know why women stay or why they support the accused but many resources suggest fear or embarrassment as key elements to sticking around. We will probably never know the specifics of Cosby’s psychosis unless he admits to it but the accusations are clear. The most logical step from here and in any sexual violence case is to support the victims and demand justice.

Half-Assed Bibliography!

*http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1705531/

*http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/jul/07/bill-cosby-drugs-coerced-sex-rape-allegations?CMP=fb_us

*http://bigstory.ap.org/article/6d90b1f473f147ed9f0048f9e9ac2287/apnewsbreak-cosby-said-he-got-drugs-give-women-sex

*http://defamer.gawker.com/report-disney-world-to-remove-bill-cosby-bust-from-the-1716428079

*http://www.slate.com/blogs/browbeat/2014/11/21/bill_cosby_accusers_list_sexual_assault_rape_drugs_feature_in_women_s_stories.html

*http://deadspin.com/the-former-basketball-player-who-brought-down-bill-cosb-1661203971

*http://jezebel.com/whoopi-goldberg-defending-cosby-the-80s-werent-fun-for-1716225451

*http://www.thehotline.org/is-this-abuse/why-do-people-stay-in-abusive-relationships/